PhD in Civil Engineering

PhD Civil Engineering Admission: Application Form, Notification, Exam Dates, Eligibility, Top Colleges

PhD Civil Engineering is normally a 4 to 5 years in length doctorate level certificate. A course of study manages the plan, development, and support of designs that are indispensable to the overall population, similar to streets, dams, extensions, waterways, and moreover railroads, sewage systems, and so on.

While seeking after a PhD in civil engineering, students should pick a specialization region, as geoinformatics, geotechnical engineering, power through pressure, and water assets engineering, framework engineering, and so on to lead research for their exposition.

Key Highlights for PhD Civil Engineering

• Full-Form: Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering

• Duration: 4-5 years

• Eligibility: Masters degree in any of the engineering branch

• Admission Process: Entrance exams

• Entrance Exams: GATE, NET, VITMEE, ITM NEST, etc

• Top Institutes: IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kanpur, etc.

• Average Course Fees: INR 19,000 to INR 73,000

• Average Salary: INR 2,00,000 to INR 9,00,000

• Job Options: Project Manager, Head Quality Controller, Site Engineer/Civil Engineer, Project Coordinator, Quality Assurance Manager, etc

Candidates needing to seek after PhD Civil Engineering ought to satisfy the base qualification measures i.e, master’s certificate in civil/ecological/mechanical/compound/farming engineering or in a connected engineering branch. The confirmations are normally founded on the placement tests.

The typical educational expense charged to seek after a PhD Civil Engineering varies in every single school. The typical yearly expenses in top universities range from about INR 19,000 to INR 73,000 every year.

The course is vocation arranging in nature that opens many open positions for the people who are keen on research. The typical compensation of a civil specialist with a Ph.D. is INR 2 to 9 lakh, however can increment assuming the student is more talented and experienced than other planned workers.

Work profiles for students with a civil engineering PhD incorporate Undertaking Supervisor, Head Quality Regulator, Site Specialist/Civil Architect, Venture Organizer, Quality Confirmation Chief, Task Obtainment Director, Leader Architect, Primary Architect/Underlying Planner, and so on.

PhD Admission: Application Form Dates

PhD Civil is a research-based course and exceptionally intended to spend significant time in a specific region. The significant insights concerning the subject are referenced beneath:

Course Level

Doctorate Degree (PhD)


Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering


4 to 5 years

Examination type

Semester Based


Scores in GATE, NET, etc

Admission Process

Entrance Exam Based

Course Fee

INR 19K to 73K

Average Salary

INR 2 to 9 lakh

Top Recruiting Companies

Afcons Infrastructure Limited, Punj Lloyd, Newton Engineering & Chemicals Ltd, Consolidated Construction Consortium Ltd (CCCL), Akme Projects Ltd, and etc.

Job Positions

Project manager, head quality controller, site engineer/civil engineer, project coordinator, quality assurance manager, project procurement manager, etc.

PhD Civil Engineering Course Highlights

PhD Civil is a research-based course and exceptionally intended to spend significant time in a specific region. The significant insights concerning the subject are referenced beneath:

Course Level

Doctorate Degree (PhD)


Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering


4 to 5 years

Examination type

Semester Based


Scores in GATE, NET, etc

Admission Process

Entrance Exam Based

Course Fee

INR 19K to 73K

Average Salary

INR 2 to 9 lakh

Top Recruiting Companies

Afcons Infrastructure Limited, Punj Lloyd, Newton Engineering & Chemicals Ltd, Consolidated Construction Consortium Ltd (CCCL), Akme Projects Ltd, and etc.

Job Positions

Project manager, head quality controller, site engineer/civil engineer, project coordinator, quality assurance manager, project procurement manager, etc.

What is a PhD in Civil Engineering?

Concentrating on Civil Engineering at the doctorate level assists students with getting a systematic and basic comprehension of the subject being referred to, to propel the students’ maintenance and high level learning perspectives.

• It alludes to the plan, development, and upkeep of designs that are essential to the overall population, similar to streets, dams, scaffolds, waterways, and structures.

• To concentrate regarding this matter top to bottom at the doctorate level, students should pick a specialization region. Instances of specializations might incorporate geotechnical, designs, development and the executives, transportation, natural engineering, and so on.

• The course is detail and vocation arranged in nature, making it significant for the people who wish to accomplish more lucrative positions in the field of civil engineering.

• Students needing to seek after this course should have a sharp, scientific, and pragmatic brain and really focus on subtleties. They ought to likewise have great specialized planning abilities alongside information in the conceptualizing of designs.

Why a PhD in Civil Engineering?

• A PhD in Civil Engineering is valuable for students to foster a focal point of greatness in civil engineering, and to complete research in the space of framework and eco-accommodating advancements.

• This course is worth the effort for those students who need to make deep rooted securities with similar students, workforce, and researchers in the worldwide, logical, and mechanical local area.

• Civil Designers with a PhD in the field likewise have the chance to work for their administration and assist with creating rail routes, scaffolds, streets, and so on.

• Seeking after a PhD fundamentally makes students an informed authority in the specialization fitting their personal preference.

• Preferably, PhDs are alluring for the people who have an interest in research and can deal with the top to bottom information alongside the many assignments that accompany it, subsequently, these students are likewise qualified to work at research focuses.

• A Civil Engineering PhD provides students with the degree of professional stability that a bachelor’s or alternately master’s certificate in a similar field won’t give them.

PhD Civil Engineering Admission Process

To get confessed to a college offering PhD Civil Engineering, students ought to accomplish the base qualification standards given by the college, and clear the placement tests. The placement test will be trailed by an individual meeting. The confirmation interaction might differ from one college to another

Given beneath are the essential advances with respect to the affirmation interaction followed by the top universities offering PhD Civil Engineering underneath:

• Applications: Candidates can begin with topping off the application type of the specific foundation, trailed by submitting reports and paying the application expenses.

• Entrance Exams: Establishments might acknowledge the scores of public level tests like GATE/NET or will direct their own selection test at the college level.

• Merit-list: Students will be assessed in light of the imprints scored in the entry test. The candidates clearing the cut-off will be shortlisted.

• Interview: Shortlisted candidates will be required an individual meeting.

• Enrollment: The students clearing the meeting can get selected after archive confirmation and installment of the first portion.

PhD Civil Engineering Eligibility

Candidates looking for confirmation in PhD Civil Engineering ought to satisfy the accompanying qualification standards:

• Master’s certificate in any part of engineering or its comparable from a perceived college.

• The candidate probably got something like 60% in their master’s certificate.

• A few universities and foundations lead selection tests, and some just consider students’ scores in public level selection tests like GATE or NET.

PhD Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

Public level also college level placement tests are led for entrance into PhD Civil Engineering. The data with respect to a portion of the placement tests are referenced underneath:

• GATE: It represents the Alumni Fitness Test in Engineering, which tests’ comprehension students might interpret the essential subjects educated at the undergrad level connected with science and engineering. It is a public level test for entrance into graduate projects in top IITs and NITs.

• UGC-NET: It is the Public Qualification Test, led by the UGC to track down wannabes for JRF (Junior Research Cooperation) and Partner Teacher.

• VITMEE: This test is led by the Vellore Foundation of Innovation for students that need to join their masters and PhD programs.

• ITM NEST: a typical placement test for students need to get confirmation at the different courses presented by ITM College Gwalior.

Exam Name 

Conducting Body 

Exam Mode

Exam Date

Result Date


IIT Council 


February 4, 5, 11 and 12, 2023

March 13, 2023




July 9-12, 2023 and August 12-14, 2023

To be announced 




To be announced 

To be announced 

How to Prepare for the entrance exam?

The GATE prospectus comprises of three segments – General Fitness, Engineering Arithmetic, and subject-explicit papers as picked by students during the accommodation of utilization structures. The subjects for the test incorporate Software Engineering, Gadgets and Correspondence Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Civil Engineering.

To break any selection test for confirmation in a decent school to seek after a PhD in Civil Engineering, the accompanying focuses ought to be remembered while planning, since having a legitimate strategy is totally essential.

• To deal with their own and scholarly life well, students ought to set up a plan for the legitimate designation of significant investment.

• Pick the energetically prescribed books to plan. Since there are an excessive number of assets and subsequently it could befuddle.

• Address previous years’ inquiry papers since there could be no more excellent method for learning and comprehend the assessment design than settling question papers of earlier years.

• Rather than focusing profoundly on repetition learning, invest energy on understanding the idea in a significant manner since that information will remain with you for eternity.

• While you study, make a point to likewise prepare your brain for the test by rehearsing past papers around the time you will be giving the test.

How to get admission in a good college?

Students who need to concentrate on Civil Engineering at the doctorate level in the great and top universities in India need to remember the accompanying focuses:

• Students need to remember that they need to begin arranging early so they can be ready for their placement tests, as well as the last, most important tests for their master’s certification.

• By scoring great in their end of the year tests, and accomplishing a rate that fits the qualification models given by the college, students can undoubtedly go through to the individual meeting round.

• Other than scoring great in their last, most important tests, and placement tests, students ought to likewise be good to go for the individual meetings.

• A student able to seek after this course ought to have the enthusiasm and assurance to concentrate on Civil Engineering thoroughly, and furthermore be skilled to partake in various types of research projects.

• Students ought to be know all about the site as well as their web-based entertainment of the foundations so they can remain refreshed with the notification delivered.

PhD Civil Engineering Syllabus

The prospectus for PhD in Civil Engineering contrasts with the specialization picked by the students. PhDs, as a general rule, are incredibly research-put together and are totally reliant with respect to students’ free research projects with assistance and direction from their college’s staff.

It ought to be noticed that the prospectus for every specialization might differ with every school, notwithstanding, given underneath is the schedule as indicated by IIT Kanpur



Environmental Engineering

Water & Waste water treatment

Aerosol Properties and Regional Climate Change

Experimental (Chamber studies)

Instrument Design

Modeling and simulation of environmental systems


Geodetic GPS surveys

Satellite data processing and application

Laser scanning technology

Laser scanning applications

GIS applications

Geotechnical Engineering

Foundation Engineering

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering

Ground Improvement Techniques

Other Geotechnical Research Areas

Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering

Climate Change

Surface Water

Ground Water

Experimental Hydraulics and Sediment Transport

Infrastructure Engineering And Management

Construction Management

Infrastructure Assets

Maintenance of Infrastructure Assets

Planning and Creation of Infrastructure Assets

Concrete Engineering

Structural Engineering

Computational Mechanics and Structural Analysis

Earthquake Engineering

Seismic Analysis and Design

Risk & Reliability

Concrete and cement based materials

Structure Materials

Design and Experiment

Sensing and Monitoring

Transportation Engineering

Traffic Engineering

Transport Demand Analysis

Traffic Safety

Highway Financing and Policy Analysis

Pavement Engineering

PhD Civil Engineering Books

Name of the book


Engineers’ Practical Databook

Jay Smith

Fundamentals of Sustainability in Civil Engineering

Andrew Braham

Civil Engineering Materials

Peter A. Claisse

Dynamics of Structures

Anil K. Chopra

Introduction to Civil Engineering Systems

Samuel Labi

PhD Civil Engineering Top Colleges

College Name

Admission Process

Average Annual Fees

IIT Madras


INR 19,670 

IIT Delhi


INR 34,900 

IIT Bombay


INR 73,000 

IIT Kanpur


INR 64,050 

IIT Kharagpur

Department-based test

INR 28,900

IIT Roorkee


INR 28,500

IIT Guwahati


INR 18,100 

IIT Hyderabad

M.Tech/ GATE 

INR 25,095

NIT Tiruchirappalli

Written test

INR 59,250

IIT Varanasi


INR 46,815

PhD Civil Engineering College Comparison

The table given below compares the top PhD Civil Engineering Colleges in India based on parameters like the ranking, average annual fee, top recruiters, placements, etc.


IIT Madras

IIT Delhi

IIT Bombay





College Overview

IIT Madras is an internationally recognized faculty, a bright student community, outstanding technical & support staff, and an effective administration. They offer courses in various engineering branches.

IIT Delhi promotes development by updating existing courses, developing new courses, and preparing new resources.

In IIT Bombay, research and academic programs are driven by an outstanding faculty, reputed for their research internationally.

Average Annual Fee

INR 19,000

INR 34,000

INR 73,000

Average Annual Package

INR 16,10,000

INR 16,00,000

INR 20,34,000

Top Recruiters

Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Rivigo Services Pvt. Ltd, CSS Corp, ANI Technologies, Oracle India Pvt. Ltd, Tata Steel, etc.

Microsoft, Uber, Zomato, Flipkart, Mastercard, Standard Chartered, etc.

Google, Amazon, Qualcomm, Tata Steel, JP Morgan, McKinsey & Company, etc.

Course Comparison

PhD Civil Engineering vs PhD Chemical Engineering
The table below displays a comparison between PhD Civil Engineering and PhD Chemical Engineering on various parameters:


PhD Civil Engineering

PhD Chemical Engineering


Doctorate Level

Doctorate Level


The design, construction, and maintenance of structures integral to the public, such as roads, dams, bridges, canals, and buildings.

The science behind the operation of modern every-day life items such as food, clothes, cosmetics, detergents, paper, paint, tires, etc.


4 to 5 years

3 to 5 years

Examination Type

Semester Based

Semester Based

Average Annual Fees

INR 19K to 73K

INR 50K to 4 lakhs


Master’s Degree

Master’s Degree in Chemical Engineering

Admission Process

Merit or Entrance Exam Based

Entrance Exam or Interview Based


IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, etc.

Chandigarh University, Shiv Nadar University, NIT Surathkal, IIT Gandhinagar, Lovely Professional University, etc.

Average Salary Offered

INR 2 to 9 lakhs

INR 4 to 20 lakhs

Job Roles

Project manager, head quality controller, site engineer/civil engineer, project coordinator, quality assurance manager, project procurement manager, etc.

Analytical Chemist, Energy Manager, Manufacturing Engineer, Materials Engineer, Mining Engineer, Production Manager, Quality Manager, among others.

PhD Civil Engineering Job Prospects and Career Options

The forthcoming position and vocation choices are positively not restricted to the students who have sought after a PhD in Civil Engineering. The regions where Civil Engineering Ph.D. holders can get utilized at incorporate Schools and Colleges, Street Development, Foundation Advancement Organizations, Research and development Focuses, Development Organizations, Rail routes, and so forth.
Given beneath is a table that shows the different work profiles one can accomplish with a PhD in Civil Engineering.

Job Profile

Job Description 

Average Salary Offered 

Building Control Surveyor

They ensure that building regulations are met during construction.

INR 3,00,000

Building Services Engineer

They work on a range of projects that contribute to the functioning of any kind of building, office, or living space.

INR 2,70,000

Engineering Geologist

They work as advisors to private and public bodies on the natural, environmental, and geological threat in real estate development.

INR 7,40,000

Sustainability Consultant

They promote sustainable solutions for the conflicting needs of people and the environment.

INR 3,40,000

Fire Risk Assessor 

They identify fire hazards and risks, record their findings, and advise on fire prevention.

INR 5,80,000

Geotechnical Engineer

They support design and construction by testing and analyzing the risk to humans and the environment.

INR 5,20,000

Urban Designer

They create practical and visually pleasing places, including buildings, open spaces, and landscapes.

INR 6,00,000

Phd Civil Engineering Future Scope

• A PhD holder procures more every year than somebody with a bachelor’s or alternately master’s certificate.

• The interest for civil architects in a wide range of specializations is extraordinarily high in India. Subsequently with the interest, open positions for civil specialists have apparently expanded.

• India being an emerging nation, actually needs to construct a ton of frameworks to work on the existence of individuals, in this way the interest for civil specialists is very high.

• There is an enormous interest for well-gifted and taught experts in India as well as around the world.

• It is many times heard that individuals with a Ph.D. can continue to turn into a college teacher or something along that line – notwithstanding, this is false, as there are so many more open positions for PhD holders than just scholarly community.

PhD Admissions: FAQs

Can a PhD in Civil Engineering bring job opportunities from the gas or electricity sectors?

It is possible that a topic covered during the Ph.D. may interest someone in the gas or electricity sector, but the connection isn’t that obvious which means that jobs aren’t guaranteed.

What is the scope after finishing the PhD?

Civil engineers are in demand, and you may get employed at a private or government company, or you can also become a professor at a university.

Which colleges are the best to pursue a PhD in Civil Engineering?

In India, there are several options like IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Guwahati, IIT Hyderabad, NIT Trichy, IIT Varanasi, and etc.

What are the entrance exams that colleges in India ask for?

The top and reputed colleges in India ask for students’ scores in national level entrance exams like GATE, NET, JEE, etc.

How can someone become a professor after the completion of their PhD?

Apply for the job - if you meet their selection criteria and what they’re looking for in a professor, there’s no doubt that you’ll get selected. It also depends on the type of university you want to join; research or teaching based - you need to have a solid profile for both in either research projects, or some kind of teaching credentials.

Which specialization should I choose?

Choose what suits you best, and what you want to make a career in - water resources, geotechnical, transportation - it's up to you and your interests.

Which of the top colleges that offer a PhD in Civil Engineering have the best average placement offer?

IIT Bombay comes a first place when the average placement offer is concerned, followed by IIT Madras, and IIT Delhi.

Can I work for the government after I’ve pursued my PhD in Civil Engineering?

Prospective career options are not just limited to private companies that hire civil engineers - the government employs civil engineers with different specializations too.

How long is a PhD in Civil Engineering normally?

The duration of the course is typically four to five years, depending on the university the student joins.

For different specializations, are the eligibility criteria different too?

Some colleges do have different eligibility criteria for the various specializations they offer but it does vary from college to college.

What is the minimum percentage that a student should have scored in their master’s degree?

Generally, the minimum percentage is 60% but it can vary from college to college.

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